State Pension Age (SPA)
When you reach your State Pension Age, you may also be entitled to receive a pension from the State called your State Pension.
Your State Pension Age will depend on your date of birth. You can find out your State Pension Age (SPA) here.
For individuals who reach State Pension Age, the full amount of State Pension is set by the Government.
However, this amount will be lower if you haven’t paid full National Insurance contributions (or received full National Insurance credits) for 35 years.
This could be due to periods when you were not working and not claiming benefits, had low earnings, were ‘contracted-out’ of a pension plan, or were living abroad.
The amount payable to you will reduce proportionately depending on how many years’ full contributions you have made. You may be able to make voluntary National Contributions to fill any gaps in your contribution record.
Tax on your State Pension
Income from your State Pension will be taxed at your marginal rate of income tax, in the same way as other retirement income.
How your State Pension increases in retirement
The State Pension currently increases each year in line with the highest of the increase in average earnings, the increase in prices as measured by the Consumer Prices Index, and 2.5%. The method for increasing the State Pension is decided by the Government and is kept under review.
Delaying your State Pension
You can’t take your State Pension earlier than your State Pension Age, but you can delay it. Your State Pension will currently increase by just under 5.8% for each year you defer. The extra amount is paid with your regular State Pension payment.
Other State benefits
You may also be entitled to other State benefits in retirement, like Pension Credits and Winter Fuel Payments. Please visit the MoneyHelper website to find out more.